Julian Felipe is the composer of the Philippines national anthem Lupang Hinirang
LUPANG HINIRANG, THE NATIONAL ANTHEM
The music of the Lupang Hinirang was composed in 1898 by Julian Felipe. Originally written as an instrumental march, it did not have words when it was adopted as the National Anthem of the Philippines on 11 June 1898 and subsequently played during the proclamation of Philippine independence the following day.
In August 1899, Jose Palma wrote the poem "Filipinas" in Spanish, which were adapted to create the lyrics of the national anthem.
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During the American occupation of the Philippines, the colonial government banned the song from being played. However, the ban was later repealed in 1919 and a number of translations into English were made. The most popular translation, called the "Philippine Hymn", was written by Senator Camilo Osias and an American, Mary Lane. This version, known as the "Philippine Hymn" was legalized by an act of the Philippine Congress in 1938.
Filipino translations started appearing during the 1940s, the most popular being O Sintang Lupa ("O Beloved Land") by Julian Cruz Balmaceda, Ildefonso Santos, and Francisco Caballo. O Sintang Lupa was approved as the national anthem in 1948.
During the term of President Magsaysay, Education Secretary Gregorio Hernandez formed a commission to revise the Tagalog words. On 26 May 1956, the National Anthem, Lupang Hinirang, was sung in Filipino. Minor revisions were made in 1966, and it is this final version which is in use today.
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Centenary of Philippine Independence
One Souvenir Sheet was issued each year leading up to the Centennial celebrations
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