Chiang Kai-shek was a military leader and President of the Peoples Republic of China.
Chiang Kai-shek was an influential member of the Kuomintang. He became the commandant
of Kuomintang's Whampoa Military Academy. In 1928, Chiang led the Northern Expedition
to unify the country, becoming China's overall leader.
He served as Generalissimo (Chairman of the National Military Council) of the Nationalist
Government of the Republic of China from 1928 to 1948. Chiang led China in the Second
Sino-Japanese War, during which the Nationalist Government's power severely weakened,
but his prominence grew. During the civil war after the Japanese surrender in 1945,
he attempted to eradicate the Chinese Communists but ultimately failed, forcing the
Nationalist government to retreat to Taiwan, where he continued the struggle against
the communist regime.
Ruling as the President of the Republic of China and Director-General of the Kuomintang,
Chiang died in 1975.