In March 1899, Agueda Kahabagan was listed as the only woman in the roster of generals
of the Army of the Philippine Republic.
Paciano Rizal was the only brother of Jose Rizal. Although far from Europe at the
height of the propaganda movement, Paciano, supported it by collecting contributions
to finance the movement. He also supported the Katipunan by propagating its ideals
and recruiting members in Laguna. In 1896, Paciano was arrested and tortured because
he refused to sign incriminating documents that could implicate his brother to the
After his brother was executed in December 1896, Paciano went to Imus, Cavite and
offered his services to General Emilio Aguinaldo. He was appointed brigadier general
of the Revolutionary Army and was elected secretary of finance in the Department
Government of Central Luzon.
During the Philippine-American War, he commanded the Filipino forces in Laguna. where
U.S. troops captured him in 1900.