TOPICAL PHILIPPINES

Volcanoes

MOUNT PINATUBO

Mount Pinatubo is an ACTIVE stratovolcano which last erupted in 1991.

Mount Pinatubo is located on the island of Luzon and is permanently monitored. The volcano's ultra-Plinian eruption in June 1991 produced the second largest terrestrial eruption of the 20th century. Before 1991, the mountain was inconspicuous and heavily eroded. It was covered in dense forest which supported a population of several thousand indigenous people.

The 1991 eruption came some 450-500 years after the volcano's last known eruptive activity. Successful predictions led to the evacuation of tens of thousands of people from the surrounding areas, saving many lives, but surrounding areas were severely damaged by pyroclastic flows, ash deposits, and later by lahars caused by rainwater remobilizing earlier volcanic deposits: thousands of houses and other buildings were destroyed.

The effects of the eruption were felt worldwide and global temperatures dropped by about 0.5 °C.

Mount Pinatubo Fund, Postal Tax Stamps #RA1, and RA2 to RA5, 16 Nov 1992

(RA2 to RA5 form a se-tenant block of 4 #RA5a)

The stamps were printed in sheets of 200 on watermarked paper (Bureau of Post Seal).

60,200,000 of the 25sentimos and 30,000,000 of the 1peso stamps were printed.

 

The stamps depict lahar flows and the erupting volcano and the aftermath of the eruption with animals foraging for food, an evacuation camp and excavation of the ash.

A proclomation in November 1992 placed a surcharge on all types of mail to operate between 16 November and 28 February 1993, a period of 105 days; 25c for domestic mail and 1peso for international items. Although obligatory taxes had been applied previously in the Philippines, the additional domestic cost was not well received and a Manila businessman took the Government to the High Court who decided the surcharge was unconstitutional. Therefore the stamps were withdrawn for sale on 1 February 1993 (only 78 days).

The above stamps were therefore required for all mail as a postal tax stamps between 16 Nov 1992 and 1 Feb 1993. The stamps were re-issued and became valid for postage in their own right on 14 Jun 1993.

Colour Variation

Colour variation of RA1

First Day Cover

Mount Pinatubo Fund, Postal Tax Stamps #RA1, and RA2 to RA5, 16 Nov 1992

Mount Pinatubo Fund, Postal Tax Stamp on metered franking #RA1 16 Nov 1992

 

Mount Pinatubo Fund, Postal Tax Stamp on metered franking #RA1 16 Nov 1992

Maximum Cards on postcards produced by PhiVolcs, commencement of the valid for postage use 15 Jun 1993

Postal Slogans

GIVE! / BOY SCOUTS / MT PINATUBO / DISASTER VICTIMS / FUND DRIVE

Central Post Office Manila - 20 Jul 1991

GIVE! / BOY SCOUTS / MT PINATUBO / DISASTER VICTIMS / FUND DRIVE

Baler - 26 Jul 1991

SUPPORT: GSP PROJECT / "TULONG BATA" / FOR YOUNG EVACUEES OF / MOUNT PINATUBO ERUPTION

Manila Central  - 27 Jul 1991

First Day Cancel for Mount Pinatubo Fund, Postal Tax Stamps

Manila Cental Post Office - 16 Nov 1992

Surcharge Paid Handstamps

Three handstamp types are known:

Type 1: As the tax was required to be paid at all post offices, if the post office had not yet received stamps then it has been suggested that a handstamp was applied to indicate that the surchage had been paid. One such domestic cover is known orginating from 9100 Mambajao, Camiguin.

Type 1: Boxed "MT. PINATUBO SURCHARGE PAID / 9100 Mambajao, Camiguin" handstamp

Type 2: This handstamp appears to have been used in different manners. A cover is known on a meter franking of 8c from Makati C.P.O to Australia. In this example the handstamp appears to have been applied in lieu of the postal tax stamp.

Type 2: "MT. PINATUBO SURCHARGE PAID" handstamp

Handstamps of this design are known for:

San Juan, P.O. (applied in violet ink)

Makati C.P.O  (applied in black ink)

Manila C.P.O (applied in violet ink)

PASAY CITY C.P.O (applied in violet and black ink)

The post office in the San Juan district of Metro Manila appear to have empoyed the handstamp to cancel the postal tax stamps.

The post offices of the other districts of Metro Manila appear to have applied the handstamp such that it avoided canelling the stamps.

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on cover from San Juan to North Canterbury, New Zealand. 1p postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P7 air mail rate to New Zealand, - 18 Nov 1992.

With Type 2 "MT. PINATUBO SURCHARGE PAID / San Juan P.O." handstamp as an obliterate to the postal tax stamp.

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on metered cover from Manila CPO to Cebu City. 25c postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P2 domestic rate - 26 Dec 1992. With two anti-TB charity seals also applied

With Type 2 "MT. PINATUBO SURCHARGE PAID / Manila C.P.O." handstamp.

 

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on metered special delivert cover from Pasay City to Bulacan. 25c postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P2 domestic rate and P1 special delivery rate (two metered cancels) - 8 Dec 1992. With two anti-TB charity seals also applied

With "MT. PINATUBO SURCHARGE PAID / PASAY CITY C.P.O." handstamp

Type 3: A third handstamp in a different font and without the originating post included is known. A cover is known on a single air mail rate of 8c from an Aklan address (the post office canel is unclear) to France. The handstamp is applied such that it avoided canelling the stamps.

Type 3: "MT. PINATUBO SURCHARGE PAID" handstamp

 

Covers showing Correct Usage as Postal Tax

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on cover from Manila to Berkshire, UK. 1p postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P8 rate to UK, - 20 Nov 1992

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on commercial BANKARD INC commercial window envelope, from Makati Central Post office.  Metered cancel of 8p suggests international destination; however, only the 25c postal tax stamp applied (for domestic use) - 25 Nov 1992. Additonal slogan "For the country... For the people..."

 

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on cover from Naga City to Surrey, UK. 1p postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P8 rate to UK, - 1 Dec 1992

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on metered cover to Michigan. 1p postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P8 rate to USA - 2 Dec 1992

 

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamps on IPPS (Internation Philippine Philatelic Society) Business Corner Card cover to Arizona. 3x1p and 25c postal tax stamps applied  (only 1p was required) in addition to the P16 double rate to USA (note P8 afixed to rear) - 3 Dec 1992

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on cover from Aloguinson PO Cebu to Middlesex, UK. 1p postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P8 rate to UK, - 11 Dec 1992 (previously my collection)

 

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on cover from Aloguinsan PO Cebu to Middlesex, UK. 1p postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P8 rate to UK, - 14 Dec 1992 (previously my collection)

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on cover from Aloguinsan PO Cebu to Middlesex, UK. 1p postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P8 rate to UK, - 14 Dec 1992

 

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on cover from Aloguinsan PO Cebu to Middlesex, UK. 1p postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P8 rate to UK, - 16 Dec 1992

 

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on wrapper from {Manila} to Missouri. 1p postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P8 rate to USA, - 22 Dec 1992

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on metered cover from Sta Mesa, Manila to Quezon City (ABS-CBN 'who killed Laura Palmer contest'). 25c postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P2 domestic rate  - 24 Dec 1992Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on metered cover from Sta Mesa, Manila to Quezon City (ABS-CBN 'who killed Laura Palmer contest'). 25c postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P2 domestic rate  - 24 Dec 1992

Laura Palmer was a fictional character on the TV series 'Twin Peaks' aired by ABC

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on metered cover from Araneta Center, Cubao to Quezon City (ABS-CBN 'who killed Laura Palmer contest'). 25c postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P2 domestic rate - 7 Jan 1993

 

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on cover from Fernando Air Base PO, Batangas to North Carolina. 1p postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P8 rate to USA - 7 Jan 1993

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on metered cover from San Pablo City to Quezon City (ABS-CBN 'who killed Laura Palmer contest'). 25c postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P2 domestic rate, - 11 Jan 1993 (previously my collection)

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on VE del Rosario & Partners commercial cover form Makati to New Jersey.

1p postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P8 rate to USA, - 25 Jan 1993

VE del Rosario & Partners is a law firm which started in 1949 (at that time as VE del Rosario & Associates) offering services to American companies interested in operating in the Philippines. The company is now known as Vera Law.

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on JC Domingo Enterprises Corporation commercial metred cover from Domestic Airport PO to California. 1p postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P8 rate to USA, - 25 Jan 1993 (postal tax stamp not tied to cover but correct usage)

JC Domingo Enterprises Corporation are a food processing and packaging company based in the Philippines since 1954 and are primarily involved with the provision of tinplate cans.

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on metred postacard from Marcos Building Post Office, San Fernando La Union to Kreiensen, West Germany. 1p postal tax stamp applied in addition to the P5 overseas post card rate, - 28 Jan 1993 (postal tax stamp applied over the metered rate and tied with a "Via Air Mail" handstamp)

Postcard scene showing Legaspi City at the foot of Mount Mayon

 

Covers showing Incorrect Usage

 

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp on metered cover from Pagbila PO, Quezon to Quezon City (ABS-CBN 'who killed Laura Palmer contest'). 25c postal tax stamp applied after 1 Feb 1993 (when the postal tax was no longer required) in addition to the P2 domestic rate, - 2 Mar 1993

Covers showing Postal Usage (covers post 14 June 1993)

Mt Pinatubo Postal Tax Stamp used for postage on cover from C.A.R Baguio City to Berkshire, England, 1p postal tax stamp applied to make 16p rate (6p applied to rear) 1 Dec 1993

 

A used block of twelve 25c stamps to make 3p. Consequently, the stamps were not very popular when used as regular postage since single stamps exsited to cover the standard domestic and international postage rates.

 

 

Stamps by Volcano

Active Volcanoes

Hibok-Hibok

Iraya

Kanloan

Mayon

Musuan

Pinatubo

Taal

Potential Active

Apo

Makiling

Inactive

Arayat

Kitanglad

Laguna Volcanic Field

Lanao Volcanic Field

Masaraga