The Philippine-American War is the period of the armed conflict between the Philippines and the United States.

THE PHILIPPINE-AMERICAN WAR (1899 - 1902)

Following the surrender of the Spanish in the Philippines to American military forces in August 1898, tensions developed between US and Filipino forces near Manila. The American government decided to keep the Philippines as a colony. American forces held the capitol of Manila, while Aguinaldo's army occupied a trench-line surrounding the city.

 

On the evening of 4 February 1899, Private William Grayson of the Nebraska Volunteers fired the first shot in what would turn out to be a very bloody war. Grayson shot at a group of Filipinos approaching his position, provoking an armed response near the San Juan bridge in Sta. Mesa. Shooting soon spread up and down the ten-mile US-Filipino lines, causing hundreds of casualties.

 

Fighting erupted between US and Philippine revolutionary forces and quickly escalated into the 1899 Battle of Manila. On 2 June 1899, the First Philippine Republic officially declared war against the United States.

By November of 1899, Aguinaldo and his forces had been pushed further and further back and he realized he could not fight the Americans with conventional military units and turned to guerrilla tactics to combat the American army. The war became a savage, guerrilla conflict made up of ambushes, massacres and retribution. Both sides engaged in wanton violence and slaughter. Villages were destroyed, civilians murdered, prisoners tortured and mutilated along with other atrocities.

Leaders:

 

Generals (incomplete list):

Bridge of San Juan del Monte incident

Filipino-American War Centenary

#2602, 4 Feb 1999

 

Battle of Tirad Pass

Battle of Tirad Pass Centennial

#2652, 2 Dec 1999

 

Battle of San Mateo

Battle of San Mateo Centenary

#2655 19 Dec 1999

 

Battles in Philippine-American War, Centenary #2668 to 2671, 19 Jun 2000

Battle of Mabitac

 

Battle of Pulang Lupa

 

Battle of Paye

 

Battle of Makahambus Hill, Battle of Cagayan and Battle of Agusan

 

By November of 1899, Aguinaldo and his forces had been pushed further and further back and he realized he could not fight the Americans with conventional military units and turned to guerrilla tactics to combat the American army. The war became a savage, guerrilla conflict made up of ambushes, massacres and retribution. Both sides engaged in wanton violence and slaughter. Villages were destroyed, civilians murdered, prisoners tortured and mutilated along with other atrocities.

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